TW-SIR: Time-window based SIR for COVID-19 forecasts

Zhining Liao, Zhifang Liao, Peng Lan, Yan Zhang, Shengzong Liu

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Received date: 16th September 2020

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, many COVID-19 research studies have proposed different models for predicting trend of COVID-19. Among them, the prediction model based on mathematical epidemiology (SIR) is the most widely used, but most of these models are adapted in special situations based on various assumptions. In order to reflect the real-time trend of the epidemic in the process of infection for different areas, different policies and different epidemic diseases, a general adapted time- window based SIR model is proposed, which is characterized by introducing a time window mechanism for dynamic data analysis and using machine learning method predicts the Basic reproduction number R0 and the exponential growth rate of the epidemic. Multiple data sets of epidemic diseases are analyzed, and the numerical results showed that the framework can effectively measure the real-time changes of the parameters during the epidemic, and error rate of predicting the number of COVID-19 infections in a single day is within 5%.

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This is an abstract of a preprint hosted on a preprint server, which is currently undergoing peer review at Scientific Reports. The findings have yet to be thoroughly evaluated, nor has a decision on ultimate publication been made. Therefore, the results reported should not be considered conclusive, and these findings should not be used to inform clinical practice, or public health policy, or be promoted as verified information.

Scientific Reports

Nature Research, Springer Nature